Übersetzung für "mercury" im Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch dictindustry - mit Forum und Beispielen. [1, 2] adirondackmortgages.com Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „mercury“:  LEO Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „mercury“. Quellen: ↑ Englischer Wikipedia-Artikel „mercury. It's three times hotter than Mercury, which is right next to the Sun. expand_more Sie ist dreimal wärmer als Merkur, der sich direkt neben der Sonne befindet.
Englisch-Deutsch Übersetzung für "mercury"Übersetzung im Kontext von „Mercury“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: metallic mercury, containing mercury, mercury vapour, mercury-free, mercury. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für Mercury im Online-Wörterbuch adirondackmortgages.com (Deutschwörterbuch). Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'Mercury' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und.
Mercury Deutsch Beispiele aus dem Internet (nicht von der PONS Redaktion geprüft) VideoDas Queen Phänomen Archived from the original on Haspa Sofortüberweisung July Mercury poisoning happened this way in MinamataJapannow called Minamata disease. English erratic fickle quicksilver. The ancient Greeks used cinnabar mercury sulfide in ointments; the ancient Egyptians and the Romans used it in cosmetics. Queen singer Freddie Mercury was fiercely protective of his privacy, and he continued to guard it jealously even as his health succumbed to the ravages of AI. Companies. Mercury (toy manufacturer), a brand of diecast toy cars manufactured in Italy Mercury Communications, a British telecommunications firm set up in the s; Mercury Drug, a Philippine pharmacy chain. The Mercury News is the leading source of breaking news, local news, sports, business, entertainment, lifestyle and opinion for Silicon Valley, San Francisco Bay Area and beyond. The high-capacity, high-performance Mercury Elite Pro Qx2 was engineered for performance-intensive applications such as HD-video, digital photography, professional music, graphics and backup. Choose between five different RAID levels for the best combination of speed, capacity and redundancy for your needs. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'mercury' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und relevante Diskussionen Kostenloser Vokabeltrainer.
Im Folgenden mГchten wir Mercury Deutsch die besten Online Casinos vorstellen, dass mehr als 1. - Beispiele aus dem PONS Wörterbuch (redaktionell geprüft)Merkur war just nach Sonnenuntergang sichtbar - ein seltener Anblick. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für Mercury im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Mercury Marine vermarktet fortschreitend seine Außenbordmotoren und maritime Motortechnologie. Mit innovativen Technologien, wie Zeus Joystick, VesselView -Anzeigen, Joystick Piloting für Außenbordmotoren, Active Trim und digitales Skyhook-GPS-Ankern dominiert Mercury die Bootfahrtindustrie. ДОВЕРИЕ. Главный принцип проекта Mercury Global — это всеобъемлющее доверие друг к другу, которое, вот уже на протяжении более 5 лет, является основой построения взаимоотношений между всеми участниками проекта, а также.
Mercury originates from natural sources and is additionally released to the environment by fossil fuel burning and industrial processes. As elemental mercury Hg0 it is distributed globally, thereby slowly oxidized and then entrained into the sea by wet and dry deposition and by river drainage.
Als elementares Quecksilber Hg0 wird es global über die Atmosphäre verteilt, dabei langsam oxidiert und dann durch Nass- und Trockendeposition sowie über Flüsse in das Meere eingetragen.
Time-based exposure trends Scientists determined that whereas human exposure to arsenic, cadmium and mercury has remained unchanged over the past 20 years in Germany, exposure to lead and pentachlorophenol PCP has dropped significantly.
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Japanisch Wörterbücher. Kroatisch Wörterbücher. Mercury is a chemical element with the symbol Hg and atomic number Mercury occurs in deposits throughout the world mostly as cinnabar mercuric sulfide.
The red pigment vermilion is obtained by grinding natural cinnabar or synthetic mercuric sulfide. Mercury is used in thermometers , barometers , manometers , sphygmomanometers , float valves , mercury switches , mercury relays , fluorescent lamps and other devices, though concerns about the element's toxicity have led to mercury thermometers and sphygmomanometers being largely phased out in clinical environments in favor of alternatives such as alcohol - or galinstan -filled glass thermometers and thermistor - or infrared -based electronic instruments.
Likewise, mechanical pressure gauges and electronic strain gauge sensors have replaced mercury sphygmomanometers.
Mercury remains in use in scientific research applications and in amalgam for dental restoration in some locales. It is also used in fluorescent lighting.
Electricity passed through mercury vapor in a fluorescent lamp produces short-wave ultraviolet light , which then causes the phosphor in the tube to fluoresce , making visible light.
Mercury poisoning can result from exposure to water-soluble forms of mercury such as mercuric chloride or methylmercury , by inhalation of mercury vapor, or by ingesting any form of mercury.
Mercury is a heavy, silvery-white liquid metal. Compared to other metals, it is a poor conductor of heat, but a fair conductor of electricity.
The coefficient of volume expansion is Solid mercury is malleable and ductile and can be cut with a knife. A complete explanation of mercury's extreme volatility delves deep into the realm of quantum physics , but it can be summarized as follows: mercury has a unique electron configuration where electrons fill up all the available 1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 3d, 4s, 4p, 4d, 4f, 5s, 5p, 5d, and 6s subshells.
Because this configuration strongly resists removal of an electron, mercury behaves similarly to noble gases , which form weak bonds and hence melt at low temperatures.
The stability of the 6s shell is due to the presence of a filled 4f shell. An f shell poorly screens the nuclear charge that increases the attractive Coulomb interaction of the 6s shell and the nucleus see lanthanide contraction.
The absence of a filled inner f shell is the reason for the somewhat higher melting temperature of cadmium and zinc , although both these metals still melt easily and, in addition, have unusually low boiling points.
Mercury does not react with most acids, such as dilute sulfuric acid , although oxidizing acids such as concentrated sulfuric acid and nitric acid or aqua regia dissolve it to give sulfate , nitrate , and chloride.
Like silver, mercury reacts with atmospheric hydrogen sulfide. Mercury reacts with solid sulfur flakes, which are used in mercury spill kits to absorb mercury spill kits also use activated carbon and powdered zinc.
Mercury dissolves many metals such as gold and silver to form amalgams. Iron is an exception, and iron flasks have traditionally been used to trade mercury.
Several other first row transition metals with the exception of manganese , copper and zinc are also resistant in forming amalgams.
Other elements that do not readily form amalgams with mercury include platinum. Mercury readily combines with aluminium to form a mercury-aluminium amalgam when the two pure metals come into contact.
Since the amalgam destroys the aluminium oxide layer which protects metallic aluminium from oxidizing in-depth as in iron rusting , even small amounts of mercury can seriously corrode aluminium.
For this reason, mercury is not allowed aboard an aircraft under most circumstances because of the risk of it forming an amalgam with exposed aluminium parts in the aircraft.
Mercury embrittlement is the most common type of liquid metal embrittlement. There are seven stable isotopes of mercury, with Hg being the most abundant The longest-lived radioisotopes are Hg with a half-life of years, and Hg with a half-life of Most of the remaining radioisotopes have half-lives that are less than a day.
Hg is the modern chemical symbol for mercury. The element was named after the Roman god Mercury , known for his speed and mobility.
Mercury is the only metal for which the alchemical planetary name became the common name. Mercury was found in Egyptian tombs that date from BC.
In China and Tibet , mercury use was thought to prolong life, heal fractures, and maintain generally good health, although it is now known that exposure to mercury vapor leads to serious adverse health effects.
In November "large quantities" of mercury were discovered in a chamber 60 feet below the year-old pyramid known as the " Temple of the Feathered Serpent ," "the third largest pyramid of Teotihuacan ," Mexico along with "jade statues, jaguar remains, a box filled with carved shells and rubber balls.
The ancient Greeks used cinnabar mercury sulfide in ointments; the ancient Egyptians and the Romans used it in cosmetics. In Lamanai , once a major city of the Maya civilization , a pool of mercury was found under a marker in a Mesoamerican ballcourt.
Alchemists thought of mercury as the First Matter from which all metals were formed. They believed that different metals could be produced by varying the quality and quantity of sulfur contained within the mercury.
The purest of these was gold, and mercury was called for in attempts at the transmutation of base or impure metals into gold, which was the goal of many alchemists.
Mercury is an extremely rare element in Earth's crust , having an average crustal abundance by mass of only 0. The richest mercury ores contain up to 2.
It is found either as a native metal rare or in cinnabar , metacinnabar, corderoite , livingstonite and other minerals , with cinnabar HgS being the most common ore.
Beginning in , with the invention of the patio process to extract silver from ore using mercury, mercury became an essential resource in the economy of Spain and its American colonies.
Mercury was used to extract silver from the lucrative mines in New Spain and Peru. The patio process and later pan amalgamation process continued to create great demand for mercury to treat silver ores until the late 19th century.
Mercury is extracted by heating cinnabar in a current of air and condensing the vapor. The equation for this extraction is. In , China was the top producer of mercury with almost two-thirds global share followed by Kyrgyzstan.
Because of the high toxicity of mercury, both the mining of cinnabar and refining for mercury are hazardous and historic causes of mercury poisoning.
Thousands of prisoners were used by the Luo Xi mining company to establish new tunnels. The European Union directive calling for compact fluorescent bulbs to be made mandatory by has encouraged China to re-open cinnabar mines to obtain the mercury required for CFL bulb manufacture.
Environmental dangers have been a concern, particularly in the southern cities of Foshan and Guangzhou , and in Guizhou province in the southwest.
Abandoned mercury mine processing sites often contain very hazardous waste piles of roasted cinnabar calcines.
Water run-off from such sites is a recognized source of ecological damage. Former mercury mines may be suited for constructive re-use. For example, in Santa Clara County, California purchased the historic Almaden Quicksilver Mine and created a county park on the site, after conducting extensive safety and environmental analysis of the property.
Mercury exists in two oxidation states, I and II. Unlike its lighter neighbors, cadmium and zinc, mercury usually forms simple stable compounds with metal-metal bonds.
Stable derivatives include the chloride and nitrate. Treatment of Hg I compounds complexation with strong ligands such as sulfide, cyanide, etc.
It is a standard in electrochemistry. It reacts with chlorine to give mercuric chloride, which resists further oxidation. Indicative of its tendency to bond to itself, mercury forms mercury polycations , which consist of linear chains of mercury centers, capped with a positive charge.
Mercury II is the most common oxidation state and is the main one in nature as well. All four mercuric halides are known.
Best known is mercury II chloride , an easily sublimating white solid. HgCl 2 forms coordination complexes that are typically tetrahedral, e.
Mercury II oxide , the main oxide of mercury, arises when the metal is exposed to air for long periods at elevated temperatures.
Being a soft metal , mercury forms very stable derivatives with the heavier chalcogens. Preeminent is mercury II sulfide , HgS, which occurs in nature as the ore cinnabar and is the brilliant pigment vermillion.
Like ZnS, HgS crystallizes in two forms , the reddish cubic form and the black zinc blende form. Mercury II salts form a variety of complex derivatives with ammonia.
Mercury fulminate is a detonator widely used in explosives. Organic mercury compounds are historically important but are of little industrial value in the western world.
Mercury II salts are a rare example of simple metal complexes that react directly with aromatic rings. Organomercury compounds are always divalent and usually two-coordinate and linear geometry.
Unlike organocadmium and organozinc compounds, organomercury compounds do not react with water. They usually have the formula HgR 2 , which are often volatile, or HgRX, which are often solids, where R is aryl or alkyl and X is usually halide or acetate.
Methylmercury , a generic term for compounds with the formula CH 3 HgX, is a dangerous family of compounds that are often found in polluted water.
Mercury is used primarily for the manufacture of industrial chemicals or for electrical and electronic applications. It is used in some thermometers, especially ones which are used to measure high temperatures.
A still increasing amount is used as gaseous mercury in fluorescent lamps , while most of the other applications are slowly phased out due to health and safety regulations and is in some applications replaced with less toxic but considerably more expensive Galinstan alloy.
Mercury and its compounds have been used in medicine, although they are much less common today than they once were, now that the toxic effects of mercury and its compounds are more widely understood.
The first edition of the Merck's Manual featured many mercuric compounds  such as:. Mercury is an ingredient in dental amalgams. Thiomersal called Thimerosal in the United States is an organic compound used as a preservative in vaccines , though this use is in decline.
Although it was widely speculated that this mercury-based preservative could cause or trigger autism in children, scientific studies showed no evidence supporting any such link.
Another mercury compound, merbromin Mercurochrome , is a topical antiseptic used for minor cuts and scrapes that is still in use in some countries.
Mercury in the form of one of its common ores, cinnabar, is used in various traditional medicines, especially in traditional Chinese medicine.
Review of its safety has found that cinnabar can lead to significant mercury intoxication when heated, consumed in overdose , or taken long term, and can have adverse effects at therapeutic doses, though effects from therapeutic doses are typically reversible.
Although this form of mercury appears to be less toxic than other forms, its use in traditional Chinese medicine has not yet been justified, as the therapeutic basis for the use of cinnabar is not clear.
Today, the use of mercury in medicine has greatly declined in all respects, especially in developed countries.
Thermometers and sphygmomanometers containing mercury were invented in the early 18th and late 19th centuries, respectively.
In the early 21st century, their use is declining and has been banned in some countries, states and medical institutions.
In , the U. Senate passed legislation to phase out the sale of non-prescription mercury thermometers. In , Washington and Maine became the first states to ban mercury blood pressure devices.
The FDA has "inadequate data to establish general recognition of the safety and effectiveness" of the mercury ingredients in these products.
Chlorine is produced from sodium chloride common salt, NaCl using electrolysis to separate the metallic sodium from the chlorine gas.
Usually the salt is dissolved in water to produce a brine. By-products of any such chloralkali process are hydrogen H 2 and sodium hydroxide NaOH , which is commonly called caustic soda or lye.
By far the largest use of mercury   in the late 20th century was in the mercury cell process also called the Castner-Kellner process where metallic sodium is formed as an amalgam at a cathode made from mercury; this sodium is then reacted with water to produce sodium hydroxide.
Some medical thermometers , especially those for high temperatures, are filled with mercury; they are gradually disappearing.
In the United States, non-prescription sale of mercury fever thermometers has been banned since Some transit telescopes use a basin of mercury to form a flat and absolutely horizontal mirror, useful in determining an absolute vertical or perpendicular reference.
Concave horizontal parabolic mirrors may be formed by rotating liquid mercury on a disk, the parabolic form of the liquid thus formed reflecting and focusing incident light.
Such liquid-mirror telescopes are cheaper than conventional large mirror telescopes by up to a factor of , but the mirror cannot be tilted and always points straight up.
Liquid mercury is a part of popular secondary reference electrode called the calomel electrode in electrochemistry as an alternative to the standard hydrogen electrode.
The calomel electrode is used to work out the electrode potential of half cells. In polarography both the dropping mercury electrode  and the hanging mercury drop electrode  use elemental mercury.
This use allows a new uncontaminated electrode to be available for each measurement or each new experiment. Mercury-containing compounds are also of use in the field of structural biology.
Mercuric compounds such as mercury II chloride or potassium tetraiodomercurate II can be added to protein crystals in an effort to create heavy atom derivatives that can be used to solve the phase problem in X-ray crystallography via isomorphous replacement or anomalous scattering methods.
Gaseous mercury is used in mercury-vapor lamps and some " neon sign " type advertising signs and fluorescent lamps. Those low-pressure lamps emit very spectrally narrow lines, which are traditionally used in optical spectroscopy for calibration of spectral position.
Commercial calibration lamps are sold for this purpose; reflecting a fluorescent ceiling light into a spectrometer is a common calibration practice.
An argon-filled lamp without mercury will have dull spots and will fail to light correctly. The deep violet glow of a mercury vapor discharge in a germicidal lamp , whose spectrum is rich in invisible ultraviolet radiation.
Skin tanner containing a low-pressure mercury vapor lamp and two infrared lamps, which act both as light source and electrical ballast. The miniaturized Deep Space Atomic Clock is a linear ion-trap-based mercury ion clock, designed for precise and real-time radio navigation in deep space.
The novel use of mercury allows very compact atomic clocks, with low energy requirements, and is therefore ideal for space probes and Mars missions.
Mercury, as thiomersal , is widely used in the manufacture of mascara. In , Minnesota became the first state in the United States to ban intentionally added mercury in cosmetics, giving it a tougher standard than the federal government.
A study in geometric mean urine mercury concentration identified a previously unrecognized source of exposure skin care products to inorganic mercury among New York City residents.
Population-based biomonitoring also showed that mercury concentration levels are higher in consumers of seafood and fish meals.
Mercury II fulminate is a primary explosive which is mainly used as a primer of a cartridge in firearms. Many historic applications made use of the peculiar physical properties of mercury, especially as a dense liquid and a liquid metal:.
Mercury I chloride also known as calomel or mercurous chloride has been used in traditional medicine as a diuretic , topical disinfectant , and laxative.
Mercury II chloride also known as mercuric chloride or corrosive sublimate was once used to treat syphilis along with other mercury compounds , although it is so toxic that sometimes the symptoms of its toxicity were confused with those of the syphilis it was believed to treat.
Blue mass , a pill or syrup in which mercury is the main ingredient, was prescribed throughout the 19th century for numerous conditions including constipation, depression, child-bearing and toothaches.
The mercury-containing organohalide merbromin sometimes sold as Mercurochrome is still widely used but has been banned in some countries such as the U.
Mercury and most of its compounds are extremely toxic and must be handled with care; in cases of spills involving mercury such as from certain thermometers or fluorescent light bulbs , specific cleaning procedures are used to avoid exposure and contain the spill.
Vacuum cleaners and brooms cause greater dispersal of the mercury and should not be used. Afterwards, fine sulfur , zinc , or some other powder that readily forms an amalgam alloy with mercury at ordinary temperatures is sprinkled over the area before itself being collected and properly disposed of.
Cleaning porous surfaces and clothing is not effective at removing all traces of mercury and it is therefore advised to discard these kinds of items should they be exposed to a mercury spill.
Mercury can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes and mercury vapors can be inhaled, so containers of mercury are securely sealed to avoid spills and evaporation.
Heating of mercury, or of compounds of mercury that may decompose when heated, should be carried out with adequate ventilation in order to minimize exposure to mercury vapor.
The most toxic forms of mercury are its organic compounds , such as dimethylmercury and methylmercury. Mercury can cause both chronic and acute poisoning.
Although that can be considered a natural level of exposure, regional or global sources have significant effects. Volcanic eruptions can increase the atmospheric source by 4—6 times.
Natural sources, such as volcanoes , are responsible for approximately half of atmospheric mercury emissions. The human-generated half can be divided into the following estimated percentages:   .
The above percentages are estimates of the global human-caused mercury emissions in , excluding biomass burning, an important source in some regions.
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NOUN 2. Mercury [god, planet] -. NOUN 3. Merc [Am. Mercury 2. Götterbote; Handelsgott].Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für mercury im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'Mercury' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und. Übersetzung für 'mercury' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "mercury" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen.